Borehole Drilling As A Small-Scale Solution For Drought
Water is life. It is one of the basic building blocks required for all life to function. When a drought occurs, it’s not just about taking fewer showers and having to buy bottled water. It’s about a basic component of life taken away from things that desperately need it. Borehole drilling somewhat circumvents the basic problem of droughts by allowing us to tap into water resources that do not heavily depend on seasonal rain. When dams and rivers dry up, we still have access to groundwater and other underground water sources. This article will briefly examine the use of borehole drilling as a viable method of retaining access to water
Water is a precious resource. While it’s an important component to sustain life, it is also essential to the functioning of many non-living processes. Restaurants require water to keep their floors and dishes clean, builders need water to create cement. Paper factories need it to manufacture and process wood pulp (which is turned into paper). While borehole drilling is not often used in industrial contexts, it does offer a viable, short-term solution. To reduce pressure on water supply networks, which is also a benefit of using borehole drilling in residential areas.
What Causes A Drought?
Droughts represent periods of time where water is scarcer than usual. The effects are not always immediately apparent, as it can take some time for dams to dry to significant levels (and by the time we notice or decide to take action, it may already be too late). Droughts are mainly caused by periods of reduced rainfall and increased heat. This combination of factors can lead to water sources reducing in volume and drying up. In some cases, a drought can compact its own effects, as rainfall depends on the availability of water to evaporate in a given area. In this case, the drought is usually only brought to an end if heavy rainfall and flooding occur in a different (nearby) area, which can produce enough water in a dry region to evaporate and bring rain.
Water conservation is important, even when there isn’t an active drought. One person conserving water won’t make much of a difference, but if enough people do it, it can relieve pressure on water sources and can help mitigate the impact of droughts. Some basic water conservation tips include reusing water whenever possible, only water your plants late in the afternoon or early in the morning and aim to mainly plant drought-resistant trees and plants, turning off taps you’re not actively using when brushing your teeth or shaving, and fixing water leaks as quickly as possible.
What If My Borehole Dries Up?
Borehole drilling works by accessing aquifers deep under the ground. These aquifers can last a relatively long time, but they are not completely limitless sources of water. They can slowly recharge with regular rainfall, allowing extended use. It is important to maintain your borehole and pump to ensure that it is always functioning at an optimal level.